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"We are like dwarfs sitting on the shoulders of giants. We see more, and things that are more distant, than they did, not because our sight is superior or because we are taller than they, but because they raise us up, and by their great stature add to ours."
- John of Salisbury, Metalogicon (1159)
"We are like dwarfs standing (or sitting) upon the shoulders of giants, and so able to see more and see farther than the ancients."
- Bernard of Chartes (circa 1130)